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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Biochemical Assay
Description:  Assays for biochemical and cell based activity are known in the art, for example, as described in PCT publication WO 2007/002433, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference as it relates to such assays. For example, the biochemical activity IC50 values are determined with respect to inhibition of B-Raf kinase activity, c-Raf-1 kinase activity, or B-Raf V600E kinase activity, where inhibition of phosphorylation of a peptide substrate is measured as a function of compound concentration. Compounds to be tested are diluted in dimethyl sulfoxide to a concentration of 0.1 mM. These are serially diluted 15 μL into 30 μL of dimethyl sulfoxide seven times in 96 well plates for a total of 8 dilution points, and for each dilution point 1 μL is added to a well of an assay plate. Plates are prepared such that each well in a 384 well plate contains 1 μL of compound in 10 μL volume with 0.1 ng Raf enzyme (i.e. any of B-Raf, c-Raf-1 or B-Raf V600E, Upstate Biotechnology or prepared by methods known to one of skill in the art), 50 mM HEPES, pH 7.0, 50 mM NaCl, 2 mM MgCl2, 1 mM MnCl2, 0.01% Tween-20, 1 mM DTT, and 100 nM biotin-MEK1 as substrate. The reaction is started with addition of 10 μL of 200 μM ATP (i.e. final 100 μM ATP). After incubation of the kinase reaction for 45 minutes at room temperature, 5 μL/well of Stop Solution is added (25 mM Hepes pH 7.5, 100 mM EDTA, 0.01% BSA with donor beads (Streptavidin coated beads, Perkin Elmer), acceptor beads (Protein A coated, Perkin Elmer), and anti phosphor MEK1/2 antibody (CellSignal), each at final concentration 10 μg/mL). The plates are incubated for 3 hours at room temperature and read on Envision reader (Perkin Elmer). Phosphorylation of Mek1 results in binding of the anti-phosphor-MEK1/2 antibody and association of the donor and acceptor beads such that signal correlates with kinase activity.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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