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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Homogenous Time-Resolved Fluorescence (HTRF) Binding Assay
Description:  The interaction of PD-1 and PD-L1 can be assessed using soluble, purified preparations of the extracellular domains of the two proteins. The PD-1 and PD-L1 protein extracellular domains were expressed as fusion proteins with detection tags, for PD-1, the tag was the Fc portion of Immunoglobulin (PD-1-Ig) and for PD-L1 it was the 6 histidine motif (PD-L1-His). All binding studies were performed in an HTRF assay buffer consisting of dPBS supplemented with 0.1% (with) bovine serum albumin and 0.05% (v/v) Tween-20. For the h/PD-L1-His binding assay, inhibitors were pre-incubated with PD-L1-His (10 nM final) for 15 m in 4 μl of assay buffer, followed by addition of PD-1-Ig (20 nM final) in 1 μl of assay buffer and further incubation for 15 m. HTRF detection was achieved using europium crypate-labeled anti-Ig (1 nM final) and allophycocyanin (APC) labeled anti-His (20 nM final). Antibodies were diluted in HTRF detection buffer and 5 μl was dispensed on top of the binding reaction. The reaction mixture was allowed to equilibrate for 30 minutes and the resulting signal (665 nm/620 nm ratio) was obtained using an EnVision fluorometer. Additional binding assays were established between the human proteins PD-1-Ig/PD-L2-His (20 & 5 nM, respectively) and CD80-His/PD-L1-Ig (100 & 10 nM, respectively).
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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