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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Kinase Assay
Description:  A PDK1 kinase assay was performed as follows. PDK1 (amino acids 51-360) and AKT2 (amino acids 140-467 fused to PIFtide, amino acids EEQEMFRDFDYIADW) were expressed as N-terminally tagged GST fusion proteins in insect cells and purified to greater than 90% homogeneity. PDK1 protein was divided into two fractions, one of which was subsequently dephosphorylated. To generate dephosphorylated PDK1, the PDK1 was reacted with GST-tagged lambda-phosphatase in vitro. GST was subsequently cleaved proteolytically for both phosphorylated and dephosphorylated PDK1. Protein preparations were run on glutathione Sepharose columns to remove GST and GST-tagged lambda-phosphatase, if present. Phosphorylated PDK1 and dephosphorylated PDK1 were verified by mass-spectrometry. Enzyme activity was determined in a coupled PDK1/AKT/FAM-crosstide assay using either phosphorylated or unphosphorylated PDK1 and phosphorylation of FAM-crosstide was determined by standard IMAP protocol (Molecular Devices). For inhibition studies, compounds were titrated 3-fold in DMSO and diluted 40-fold into assay buffer (10 mM Tris HCl pH7.2; 10 mM MgCl2; 0.01% Triton X-100; 1 mM DTT) containing PDK1, AKT2, and FAM-crosstide. (final concentrations: 25 nM un-phosphorylated PDK1 or 0.5 nM phosphorylated PDK1, 30 nM unphosphorylated AKT2, and 100 nM crosstide substrate). The kinase reaction was initiated by adding ATP to a final concentration of 24 μM for both forms of PDK1 and incubated at 25 C. for 30 min. To detect assay product, the kinase reaction was combined with Progressive Binding Solution (1:600 Progressive Binding Reagent, 50% Buffer A, 50% Buffer B, Molecular Devices) in a 1:3 ratio. The mixture was incubated for 2 hours at 25 C. and the plate was scanned on an Analyst AD with excitation at 485 nm and emission at 530 nm.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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