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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Biological Assays Calcium Flux Assay
Description:  Cell expressing the GRIA1o-CACNG8 fusion construct were grown in a monolayer in 96- or 384-well microtiter plates. They were washed with assay buffer (135 mM NaCl, 4 mM KCl, 3 mM CaCl2, 1 mM MgCl2, 5 mM glucose, 10 mM HEPES, pH 7.4, 300 mOs) using a Biotek EL405 plate washer. The cells were then loaded with a calcium-sensitive dye (Calcium-5 or Calcium-6, Molecular Devices) and the test compounds at a range of concentrations. Calcium flux following the addition of 15 μM glutamate was monitored using a Molecular Devices FLIPR Tetra. The fluorescence in each well was normalized to the fluorescence of negative and positive control wells. The negative control wells had no added compounds, and the positive control wells had been incubated with 10 μM CP465022 (a non-subtype-selective AMPA receptor antagonist) (Lazzaro et al. (2002). ┐Functional characterization of CP-465,022, a selective, noncompetitive AMPA receptor antagonist.┐ Neuropharmacology 42(2): 143-153). The responses to glutamate as functions of the test compound concentrations were fitted to a four-parameter logistic function. The fitted parameter corresponding to the midpoint was taken to be the potency of inhibition of the compound. The data in Table 3 below illustrates the observed potentcy for the compounds described herein. pIC50 refers to the negative log of the IC50 in molar. Using a similar protocol, compounds were also tested for their ability to inhibit TARP γ2 dependent AMPA receptor activity. The compounds that were tested for TARP γ2 AMPA receptor activity had pIC50 values less than 6.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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