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Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  ThermoFluor Assay
Description:  ThermoFluor is a fluorescence based assay that estimates ligand binding affinities by measuring the effect of a ligand on protein thermal stability (Pantoliano, M. W., Petrella, E. C., Kwasnoski, J. D., Lobanov, V. S., Myslik, J., Graf, E., Carver, T., Asel, E., Springer, B. A., Lane, P., and Salemme, F. R. (2001) High-density miniaturized thermal shift assays as a general strategy for drug discovery. J Biomol Screen 6, 429-40, and Matulis, D., Kranz, J. K., Salemme, F. R., and Todd, M. J. (2005) Thermodynamic stability of carbonic anhydrase: measurements of binding affinity and stoichiometry using ThermoFluor. Biochemistry 44, 5258-66). This approach is applicable to a wide variety of systems, and rigorous in theoretical interpretation through quantitation of equilibrium binding constants (KD).In a ThermoFluor experiment where protein stability is monitored as the temperature is steadily increased, an equilibrium binding ligand causes the midpoint of an unfolding transition (Tm) to occur at a higher temperature. The shift in the melting point described as a ΔTm is proportional to the concentration and affinity of the ligand. The compound potency may be compared as a rank order of either ΔTm values at a single compound concentration or in terms of KD values, estimated from concentration response curves.
Affinity data for this assay
 

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Last update November 1, 2007
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