Assay Method Information

Assay Name:  Protection from SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus Infection
Description:  The ability of compounds to protect cells against infection by SARS-CoV-2 is measured by a cell viability assay similar to that described in Weislow, O.S., Kiser, R., Fine, D.L., Bader, J., Shoemaker, R.H., and Boyd, M.R.1989. New Soluble-Formazan Assay for HIV-1 Cytopathic Effects: Application to High-Flux Screening of Synthetic and Natural Products for AIDS-Antiviral Activity. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 81(08): 577-586, utilizing formazan as an endpoint. Briefly, medium containing appropriate concentrations of compound or medium only is added to MRC-5 cells. Cells are infected with human coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 or mock-infected with medium only. One to seven days later, XTI and PMS are added to the test plates and following incubation at 37C for two hours the amount of formazan produced is quantified spectrophotometrically at 540nm. Data is expressed as the percent of formazan in wells of compound-treated cells compared to formazan in wells of uninfected, compound-free cells. The fifty percent effective concentration (EC50) is calculated as the concentration of compound that increases the percent of formazan production in infected, compound-treated cells to 50% of that produced by uninfected, compound-free cells. The 50% cytotoxicity concentration (CC50) is calculated as the concentration of compound that decreases the percentage of formazan produced in uninfected, compound-treated cells to 50% of that produced in uninfected, compound-free cells. The therapeutic index is calculated by dividing the cytotoxicity (CC50) by the antiviral activity (EC50).
Affinity data for this assay

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